First Aid

First Aid training for candidate-drivers

Since 2003 the Bulgarian Red Cross has been training candidate-drivers in first aid. The course was certified with EFAC certificate issued by the European Reference Center for First Aid Education of the IFRC/RC - Paris, France in 2006. This certificate is recognized in all EU countries and is valid for 5 years.
Designed for: all citizens who are in procedure to obtain their initial driving license.
Duration: 8 hours - The ratio theory/practice is 55/45%
Training manual: 64 colour pages

Topics
1. Anatomy and physiology of the vital organs and systems /respiratory, central nervous, muscular - skeletal, cardio vascular systems etc./
2. Assessment of the general condition of the casualty - by checking the vital signs - consciousness, pulse, breathing.
3. Bleeding. Shock. How to stop the bleeding. Wounds. Type of the wounds.
4. Brain, chest, abdominal and spinal trauma. Immobilization.
5. Ensuring safety on the scene. Evacuation of the casualty.

Program
First part - duration 4 hours
Subject 1 - Short acquaintance with the anatomy and physiology of vital organs and systems of the human body- topic, function, interference.
Subject 2 - Main vital signs. Normal values. Recovery position. Clinical and biological death. Demonstrations on mannequins /right – wrong/. Role play.
Subject 3 - Bleeding. How to stop the bleeding. External - internal hemorrhage. Hemorrhagic shock. Bandages. Types of bandages. Practical exercises.
Subject 4 - What to do in case of head, neck or abdominal injuries. Traumatic shock.
Subject 5 - Safety measures. Ensuring safety on the scene of the accident. Evacuation of the casualties.
Second part - duration 4 hours
Practical exercise - cases of acute disorders of the respiratory and cardio- vascular systems, wounds and bleeding, bone fractures. Evaluation of the practical skills on mannequins.
Third part – duration 30 minutes
Evaluation of the theoretical knowledge by completing a test with 15 questions. Successfully passed the test are those who completed at least 12 correct answers. Discussions on the test.


First Aid training in the working place

Since 2002 the Bulgarian Red Cross has been training approximately 2000 persons annually. The course is certified with EFAC certificate issued by the European Reference Center for First Aid Education of the IFRC/RC - Paris, France.

Designed for: administrative personnel and workers from the chemical industry, metallurgical plants, oil and military industries, construction companies.
Duration: 9.5 hours /240 min. theoretical part plus 345 minutes practical exercises/
Training manual: 120 colour pages
Main goal of the training programme: To provide the beneficiaries with skills and knowledge how to prevent the traumatism on the working place. How to avoid the risk of traumatism due to hazmat in the enterprises.



First Aid training for pegagogues and parents of children up to 8 years old

Since 2005 the Bulgarian Red Cross has been training approximately 1000 persons annually. The course is certified with EFAC certificate issued by the European Reference Center for First Aid Education of the IFRC/RC - Paris, France.
Designed for: personnel from children's institutions - pedagogues, teachers; parents, baby-sitters
Duration: 10 hours (285 min. theoretical part plus 315 minutes practical exercises)
Training manual: 100 colour pages
Main goal of the training program: To provide teachers from the children's institutions with practical knowledge and skills on implementation of life-saving and life-maintaining techniques to children up to 8 years old. This is to guarantee that they can provide children with first aid until the medical professionals arrive on the spot.


Advanced training in first aid

Since 2005 the Bulgarian Red Cross launched a specialized advanced training in first aid. The training module includes use of ambulances and specialized medical equipment. The whole training process is built up upon the recommendations of the Magen David Adom of Israel.
Designed for: Persons who has been already trained in first aid; persons with professions at risk: firemen, policemen, ambulance drivers; Red Cross and Civil Protection State Agency volunteers.
Duration: 80 hours - Ratio theory/practice is 50/50%
Training manual: 150 colour pages
Program:
  • First part – legal base, basic and specialized medical equipment. Radio communication and radio frequencies. Medical protocols. Medical reports. Observation of the vital life signs.
  • Second part – Respiratory system anatomy, physiology and most common respiratory emergencies. Asphyxia, Chest trauma, haemo-, pneumothorax. cardio-vascular system, anatomy, physiology and most common emergencies. Ischaemic heart disease CPR for adults and children. Shock. Types of shocks. Treatment of the shock. Abdominal trauma. Brain, neck and spinal trauma. Bone fracture. Immobilization Special circumstances of the trauma cases. Control severe bleeding. Poisonings. Haz-Mat, Management of burns and wounds. Sexual assault.
  • Third part – Psychological first aid, psychological support. Burn-out phenomenon.


World First Aid Day

Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world are steadily and significantly expanding their first aid programmes and increasing access to first aid services and training for the general public, says the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, on World First Aid Day.

“We’ve come a long way since the battle of Solferino, when Henry Dunant, mobilized volunteers to provide first aid to all the war wounded, regardless of their nationality, nearly 150 years ago (1),” notes Grace Lo, Head of the International Federation’s Public Health in the Community Unit, in Geneva.

“First aid used to be recognized as the domain of medical or para-medical personnel. Today, all experts recognize that the general public must be trained in first aid, because it is effective in saving lives, improving the chances of survival and minimizing the consequences of a road crash or heart attack,” explains Grace Lo. “These skills should also be updated regularly.”

First aid is a core activity for virtually all the Federation’s 186 member Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and, according to initial reports from National Societies, there is a steady increase in the number of staff and volunteers involved in first aid, either to provide services in crisis situations or to train the general public.

With hundreds of thousands of staff and volunteers involved in first aid, Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are the most important providers of first aid services and training globally. In Europe alone, Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies train some 3.5 million people every year in first aid – that is 56% of the estimated 6.2 million people trained in life-saving techniques annually on the continent. In 2007, the American Red Cross trained 5.4 million people, nearly half of the 10.9 million total who followed first aid courses.

“These increases are in line with our global policy of up-scaling first aid programmes and achieving a minimum of one person per household trained in basic first aid in as many countries as possible,” says Grace Lo. “Every single person in the world has the capacity to save a life – it is an essential gesture of solidarity. First aid education should be accessible to all without discrimination.”

The percentage of people trained in first aid is also increasing in many countries. Although the figures vary widely, according to data collected by the International Federation’s European Reference Centre for First Aid Education, hosted by the French Red Cross in Paris, some countries are achieving remarkable results, such as Norway (with 90% of the population trained in first aid), Austria and Germany (80% each). Measures to achieve these results can include making first aid education mandatory to obtain a driving license or teaching it to children in schools, or requiring that teachers be trained.

The International Federation introduced World First Aid Day in 2000, and each year, more than 100 Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world organize events and ceremonies on the second Saturday of September to raise public awareness of how first aid can save lives in everyday and crisis situations.