BRC Advices...
Frist Aid to a wounded
Cardiac arrest
  • Ask someone to alert the emergency services. Do this yourself if you are alone;
  • Start with 30 chest compressions;
  • Then deliver 2 rescue breaths;
  • Alternate 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths;
  • Do not interrupt the resuscitation. You should only check the casualty again when normal breathing resumes;
  • Continue resuscitating until qualified help arrives and takes over the resuscitation.


Technique of the chest compression
  • Lock your fingers together.
  • You should press on the middle of the breastbone.
  • Make sure your shoulders are directly above the casualty's chest. With outstretched arms, push 4 to 5 cm directly downwards.
  • Each time you press down allow the chest to rise fully again. This will let blood flow back to the heart. Do not allow your hands to shift or come away from the breastbone.
  • Compression and release should be of equal length.
  • Give 30 chest compressions in this way at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute.
  • This equates to just under 2 compressions a second.
  • Proceed with 2 rescue breaths.


Technique of the Rescue Breaths mouth-to-mouth
  • Tilt the casualty's head back again and lift his chin.
  • Pinch the casualty's nostrils with your thumb and forefinger. With your other hand keep the chin lifted and allow the mouth to open.
  • Breathe in normally, bend forwards and place your mouth entirely over the casualty's mouth.
  • Blow air into the mouth evenly and at the same time check that the chest is rising. Take about 1 second per breath.


Unconscious, but is breathing normally and cardiac activity is present
  • Turn the casualty into the recovery position.
  • Ask someone to alert the emergency services. Go and get help yourself if you are alone.
  • Check the casualtys breathing regularly.
  • Open the casualty air ways


Technique: Recovery Position
  • Kneel down beside the casualty. Make sure that both his legs are outstretched.
  • Place the casualtys arm (on your side) at right angles to his body. Bend the forearm upwards with the palm facing up.
  • Lay the other arm across his chest. Hold the back of the casualtys hand against his cheek (on your side). Keep his hand in place.
  • With your free hand grasp the leg on the other side of his body by the knee. Raise his leg, but leave his foot on the ground.
  • Pull the raised leg towards you. In the meantime, keep holding the back of his hand against his cheek. Roll the casualty towards you to bring him on to his side.
  • Position the upper leg in such a way that hip and knee are at right angles.
  • Tilt the head back to keep the airway open.


Choking
  • Give up to 5 back blows. After each blow, check to see if the problem has gone;
  • If back blows do not help, perform up to 5 abdominal thrusts;
  • If this doesn't solve the problem, alternate between 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts;
  • If the casualty loses consciousness, put him carefully on the ground. Alert emergency services immediately. Then begin resuscitation. Start with 30 chest compressions; Deliver 2 rescue breaths.
  • Continue resuscitating until qualified help arrives and takes over the resuscitation.


Technique: Abdominal Thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)
  • Stand behind the casualty and wrap both arms around the top of the upper part of the abdomen.
  • Bend the casualty forward.
  • Make a fist and place it between the navel and the lower tip of the breastbone.
  • Hold onto this fist with your other hand. Pull your fist strongly towards you and upwards. Do this up to 5 times.


Bleeding
  • Avoid contact with the casualtys blood.
  • Ask the casualty to apply pressure to the wound himself.
  • Carefully place the casualty in the prone position.
  • Ask a bystander to alert the emergency services. Do this yourself if you are alone.
  • Press down directly on the wound with your hands. Wear disposable gloves if possible. You can lay a clean cloth (such as a towel) over the wound.
  • If the wound keeps bleeding, press down on the wound more firmly.
  • Apply pressure on the wound until the emergency services arrive.
  • Wash your hands after administering first aid.


Burns
  • Cool the burn as quickly as possible with cool or lukewarm water from the tap or shower, for example.
  • Cool with water for 15 to 20 minutes or until the pain subsides.
  • Remove clothing and jewellery if they are not stuck to the skin.
  • Apply a wet wound dressing (e. g. a compress or a clean cloth) after cooling the burn.
  • If there are blisters, do not prick them.
  • Do not apply (antibiotic) creams when administering first aid.

Cardiac arrest

  • Ask someone to alert the emergency services. Do this yourself if you are alone;
  • Start with 30 chest compressions;
  • Then deliver 2 rescue breaths;
  • Alternate 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths;
  • Do not interrupt the resuscitation. You should only check the casualty again when normal breathing resumes;
  • Continue resuscitating until qualified help arrives and takes over the resuscitation.
     
Technique of the chest compression
  • Lock your fingers together.
  • You should press on the middle of the breastbone.
  • Make sure your shoulders are directly above the casualty's chest. With outstretched arms, push 4 to 5 cm directly downwards.
  • Each time you press down allow the chest to rise fully again. This will let blood flow back to the heart. Do not allow your hands to shift or come away from the breastbone.
  • Compression and release should be of equal length.
  • Give 30 chest compressions in this way at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute.
  • This equates to just under 2 compressions a second.
  • Proceed with 2 rescue breaths.
Technique of the Rescue Breaths mouth-to-mouth
  • Tilt the casualty's head back again and lift his chin.
  • Pinch the casualty's nostrils with your thumb and forefinger. With your other hand keep the chin lifted and allow the mouth to open.
  • Breathe in normally, bend forwards and place your mouth entirely over the casualty's mouth.
  • Blow air into the mouth evenly and at the same time check that the chest is rising. Take about 1 second per breath.
Unconscious, but is breathing normally and cardiac activity is present
  • Turn the casualty into the recovery position.
  • Ask someone to alert the emergency services. Go and get help yourself if you are alone.
  • Check the casualty’s breathing regularly.
  • Open the casualty air ways
Technique: Recovery Position
  • Kneel down beside the casualty. Make sure that both his legs are outstretched.
  • Place the casualty’s arm (on your side) at right angles to his body. Bend the forearm upwards with the palm facing up.
  • Lay the other arm across his chest. Hold the back of the casualty’s hand against his cheek (on your side). Keep his hand in place.
  • With your free hand grasp the leg on the other side of his body by the knee. Raise his leg, but leave his foot on the ground.
  • Pull the raised leg towards you. In the meantime, keep holding the back of his hand against his cheek. Roll the casualty towards you to bring him on to his side.
  • Position the upper leg in such a way that hip and knee are at right angles.
  • Tilt the head back to keep the airway open.
Choking
  • Give up to 5 back blows. After each blow, check to see if the problem has gone;
  • If back blows do not help, perform up to 5 abdominal thrusts;
  • If this doesn't solve the problem, alternate between 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts;
  • If the casualty loses consciousness, put him carefully on the ground. Alert emergency services immediately. Then begin resuscitation. Start with 30 chest compressions; Deliver 2 rescue breaths.
  • Continue resuscitating until qualified help arrives and takes over the resuscitation.
Technique: Abdominal Thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)
  • Stand behind the casualty and wrap both arms around the top of the upper part of the abdomen.
  • Bend the casualty forward.
  • Make a fist and place it between the navel and the lower tip of the breastbone.
  • Hold onto this fist with your other hand. Pull your fist strongly towards you and upwards. Do this up to 5 times.
Bleeding
  • Avoid contact with the casualty’s blood.
  • Ask the casualty to apply pressure to the wound himself.
  • Carefully place the casualty in the prone position.
  • Ask a bystander to alert the emergency services. Do this yourself if you are alone.
  • Press down directly on the wound with your hands. Wear disposable gloves if possible. You can lay a clean cloth (such as a towel) over the wound.
  • If the wound keeps bleeding, press down on the wound more firmly.
  • Apply pressure on the wound until the emergency services arrive.
  • Wash your hands after administering first aid.
Burns
  • Cool the burn as quickly as possible with cool or lukewarm water from the tap or shower, for example.
  • Cool with water for 15 to 20 minutes or until the pain subsides.
  • Remove clothing and jewellery if they are not stuck to the skin.
  • Apply a wet wound dressing (e. g. a compress or a clean cloth) after cooling the burn.
  • If there are blisters, do not prick them.
  • Do not apply (antibiotic) creams when administering first aid.