activities
First Aid for Candidate-drivers
Since 2003 the Bulgarian Red Crosshas been training candidate-drivers in first aid. The course was certified with EFAC certificate issued by the European Reference Center for First Aid Education of the IFRC/RC - Paris, France in 2006. This certificate is recognized in all EU countries and is valid for 5 years.

Designed for: all citizens who are in procedure to obtain their initial driving license.

Duration: 8 hours - The ratio theory/practice is 55/45%

Training manual: 64 colour pages

Topics
1. Anatomy and physiology of the vital organs and systems /respiratory, central nervous, muscular - skeletal, cardio vascular systems etc./
2. Assessment of the general condition of the casualty - by checking the vital signs - consciousness, pulse, breathing.
3. Bleeding. Shock. How to stop the bleeding. Wounds. Type of the wounds.
4. Brain, chest, abdominal and spinal trauma. Immobilization.
5. Ensuring safety on the scene. Evacuation of the casualty.


Program

First part - duration 4 hours
Subject 1 - Short acquaintance with the anatomy and physiology of vital organs and systems of the human body- topic, function, interference.
Subject 2 - Main vital signs. Normal values. Recovery position. Clinical and biological death. Demonstrations on mannequins /right wrong/. Role play.
Subject 3 - Bleeding. How to stop the bleeding. External - internal hemorrhage. Hemorrhagic shock. Bandages. Types of bandages. Practical exercises.
Subject 4 - What to do in case of head, neck or abdominal injuries. Traumatic shock.
Subject 5 - Safety measures. Ensuring safety on the scene of the accident. Evacuation of the casualties.

Second part - duration 4 hours
Practical exercise - cases of acute disorders of the respiratory and cardio- vascular systems, wounds and bleeding, bone fractures. Evaluation of the practical skills on mannequins.

Third part duration 30 minutes
Evaluation of the theoretical knowledge by completing a test with 15 questions. Successfully passed the test are those who completed at least 12 correct answers. Discussions on the test.