Tips for low temperatures

  • It is necessary to follow the meteorological bulletin broadcast on radio and television. Postpone the trip, if it is not necessary, some of the roads will be closed due to winds.

  • Put on warm clothes, choose suitable shoes and gloves, put water and a few sandwiches in your bag.

  • If you still decide to go by car, it must have a working radio. Carry a charged mobile phone. Make sure you have enough fuel, chains, rope, shovel, flashlight and ax. The tires should not be too inflated, put chains.

  • Choose first-class roads, even if you travel more kilometers, they are cleared of winds with priority. Drive slowly and be careful when passing buildings, power lines and trees.

  • Observe the temporary markings placed by control bodies and road services.

  • If on the way you come across overcrowded cars, mark the place and report on tel. 112, the traffic police, the Road Services, the teams of PBZN / Civil Protection /.

  • In case you are stuck in snow drifts, avoid continuous operation of the engine at idle, due to the danger of poisoning, turn it off periodically. Tie a garment with a bright color to the antenna to be noticed.

  • Help those in need. Massage the slightly frozen parts of the body. If necessary, transport the victims to a hospital.

  • Do not stop to rest outdoors, except in populated areas and roadside motels. If the situation is complicated, stop the trip by stopping at the nearest town.

  • When you need to move on foot, equip yourself with appropriate shoes and warm clothes and gloves. Carry a charged cell phone, transistor and flashlight. Avoid moving alone, walk away from buildings, power lines, poles and trees, take measures against frostbite of the limbs.

  • Bring medicines and a thermos with tea or other hot and sweetened drinks. Do not drink alcohol!

  • In the settlements, contact the administrative authorities, PBZN, Ministry of Interior or the Road Services.

Exposed parts of the body can freeze not only at very low temperatures, but also with a combination of cold, moisture and strong winds. Therefore:
  • Provide dry clothes, hats and gloves.
  • When tired, do not stop completely, slow down, but do not lie down and do not sit on the snow - such a break in the snow is a danger of "white death" due to general hypothermia. If possible, drink more warm liquids and high-calorie foods.
  • In case of loss of sensitivity of different parts of the body, rub gently until the sensitivity is restored and only with dry clothes.
  • In case of blisters on the frozen parts of the body, make a sterile bandage, well insulated from the cold and arrange as soon as possible evacuation of the victim to the hospital.
  • Organize transport of the victims to a hospital.

Phones for contact with the National Assembly of the Bulgarian Red Cross - Secretariat:
Disaster Management Directorate
tel: 02 49 23 070
tel: 02 49 23 069

Duty Mountain Rescue Service: 02 963 20 00